The Basics of Football


Football is one of the most popular sports in the world. People around the globe play it at amateur and professional levels. The most prestigious players are paid millions of dollars per game. However, football has a history that stretches far back into the medieval period.

Early football was a violent game. Many players died in the early years. It was also difficult to enforce. As a result, many laws were passed banning the sport in Europe between 1324 and 1667.

In 1863, the Football Association was formed to regulate football. Initially, the FA met at a Freemason’s Tavern in Great Queen Street, London. There, the association produced the first formal set of rules.

At that time, football was played by mobs. However, the ruling classes feared that these games were dangerous. Consequently, they imposed limits on the violence of the game. These rules were later refined.

A football match is split into two periods of 45 minutes each. The goal is to score more goals than the opponent in a given period.

To score a goal, a player must pass the ball to another player. If the opposing team does not catch the ball, the attacking team is awarded a goal kick.

A player is sent off if he is guilty of committing a specific offence when the ball is in play. This offense can include handling the ball, tripping, or pushing an opponent.

A player who is sent off cannot be replaced. This is known as a “red card”. Fouls can be punished by a “penalty kick”.

A field goal is the option for scoring a touchdown. If an offensive player runs into the end zone, the defense may choose to safety tackle him.