The Basics of Football


Football is a team sport that is played by two teams of eleven players each. The goal is to score more points than your opponent by the end of the game.

The Game

A standard football match consists of two periods of 45 minutes each, known as halves. After the first half, each team takes a 15-minute break called half time.

The players on a team are arranged in various positions; these include forwards (or strikers), midfielders, and defenders. Defending players specialize in preventing their opponents from scoring goals and are sometimes referred to as outfielders.

Points and Scorecard

The most common way for a team to score is by throwing the ball into the other team’s goal, or gaining possession of the ball while inside the other team’s end zone. A touchdown is the most valuable action in a football game, worth six points.

Rules and Regulations

The game is governed internationally by the Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). It has been popular in most parts of the world, with millions of people watching it at professional levels and billions more watching it on television.

The game was introduced to England in 1863 by the Football Association, whose Laws of the Game established the foundations for the modern game. Although the game has evolved to incorporate various player specialisations, it remains primarily a team sport.