The Basics of Football


Football is a team sport played on a rectangular field with a goal zone at each end. Players can run, throw or catch the ball.

The game is governed internationally by the Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), which organizes a World Cup every four years. There are seventeen official laws of the game.

Laws are based on the principles of fair play and are generally used at all levels of the game. Some variations are allowed, such as minor modifications for younger or senior players.

A football play starts at the line of scrimmage (the position on the field where the ball is placed into play). One offensive player, the center, then passes or “snaps” the ball to the quarterback who throws it. From there, the quarterback can run with it or hand it off to another player.

Usually, the quarterback is the leader of the offense and the one who outlines the plays to his team. He primarily throws the ball but can also run with it or hand it off to other players, including the running backs and wide receivers.

The offense is responsible for scoring touchdowns and field goals, kicking extra points and punting the ball to the defense. The other team, with 11 players, is the defense, which tries to stop the offensive team from scoring or making them give up possession of the ball.

The fast-paced nature of the game requires players to have a great deal of concentration, adaptability and quick decision-making. This helps improve cognitive brain functions, which in turn wards off depression and anxiety. It is also a good workout, as it releases feel-good endorphins that help reduce stress and anxiety.